This working paper forms part of MISTRA’s priority research project, The Evolution of the Structure of the South African Economy, which is a critical analysis of the different pathways of economic restructuring, sustainable industrialisation and inclusive growth and development that could possibly characterise the country’s economy.  The research aims to provide an analytical account of sectoral evolution, changes in employment intensity; and the role of the state, labour, infrastructure and technological development in structural reform.

This chapter deals with interventions that can help eliminate the parallel streams of lived economic experiences within the South African economy, referred to in the paper as ‘the colony’ and ‘the metropolis’. The interventions proposed in the chapter are aimed at contributing to the narrowing of the economic developmental chasm between the two economic streams.