Narrow security dimensions feature prominently in divergent explanations for the riots, with political insurrection and domestic terrorism topping the list. These perspectives provide a partial view on a ‘poly-crisis’, which we argue straddles the ‘socio-economic’, political’ and ‘national questions’.
The social unrest experienced in Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal last month has created huge debates in society. There is no consensus, even amongst security cluster cabinet members, on the underlying causes. Yet, citizens have felt the socio-economic and political consequences of the social instability.