The release of the expert panel report on the July 2021 unrest, and the announcement of steps to be taken in its wake by President Cyril Ramaphosa in his 2022 state of the nation address, have helped thrust our security and intelligence services on centre stage again.

Discussion had already been enhanced by the exposure of the role of those services during the state capture years, at the Zondo commission hearings as well as the more recent February 8-9 interviews for intelligence inspector-general.